• Colloque2017
  • Translation, Multimodal Interaction and Context. Cross-disciplinary Perspectives

    11-14 Octobre 2017
    Liste des participants

    Organisateurs

    William F. HANKS, University of California, Berkeley, USA
    Valentina VAPNARSKY, CNRS, Laboratoire d’ethnologie et de sociologie comparative, France

    Intervenants

    Gabriella AIRENTI, Université de Turin, Italia
    Jacopo BARON, EHESS, France
    Paul CODJIA, EHESS, France
    Jean-Pierre DESCLES, Sorbonne University, France
    Michel DE FORNEL / Maud VERDIER, EHESS, France / Université Paul Valéry, Montpellier, France
    Benjamin DWYER, Middlesex University, School of Media and Performing Arts, UK
    Terra EDWARDS, Saint Louis University, USA
    Philippe ERIKSON,Université Paris Nanterre, Laboratoire d’ethnologie et de sociologie comparative, France
    Neil GOODMAN, Indiana University Northwest, USA
    Jennifer GREEN, University of Melbourne, Australia
    Sachiko IDE, Japan Women’s University, Japan
    Yasuhiro KATAGIRI, Future University Hakodate, Japan
    Masha KHACHATURYAN, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Sotaro KITA, University of Warwick, UK
    Cyril MENTA, EHESS, France
    Norihiro SADATO, National University Sokendai, the Graduate University for Advanced Studies, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Japan
    Carlo SEVERI, CNRS, EHESS, LAS (Collège de France), France
    Sara SHROUKH, EHESS, France
    Jef VERSCHUEREN, University of Antwerp, Belgium

    Observateur
    Aurore MONOD BECQUELIN

    Thème

    Blurb of Colloque Fyssen: Translation, interaction and Context
    October 11-14, 2017
    Pavillon Henri IV, Saint Germaine-en-Laye, France
    Programme
    Abstracts

    This international colloque brings together researchers from a range of disciplines and approaches, broadly focused on the analysis of human interaction in its social, cultural and cognitive contexts. Recent advances in several fields converge on elements, levels and dynamics of social interaction, and provide the opportunity for new ways of modelling human expression and communication, in the context of cross-cultural variability (implying comparison, translation and possibly typology) and intra-cultural social embedding (implying ethnology, fieldwork, theories of context).

    We now have a several decades of research on speech-gesture relations, and an emerging field of « multimodal interaction » that is transforming how we think of utterances. Binding and integration of information from multiple modalities over time become critical problems, calling for a plurality of approaches, including linguistic, semiotic, psychological, computational, neuroscientific and other methods. The study of signed languages is surging forward and raising questions about conventionality, social distribution, functional capacity in visual and tactile modalities. At the same time anthropologists have delved deeply into endogenous understandings of images, material objects, the body, performance (ritual and ordinary) and the social construction of perception and communication — all of which echoes multimodality, but in a different disciplinary language. The human capacity to make and appreciate art poses some convergent questions regarding medium, the interaction between audience, artist and work of art. Indeed verbal, visual, musical, sculptural and body arts are among the classic objects of linguistic and anthropological description.

    Comparison, and arguably even understanding itself, relies on translation, whether across modalities, across cultures, across languages, or within a single linguaculture (eg paraphrase, reported speech, mimicry, mockery or other portrayal of gesture, posture, etc). In neuroscience and psychology, recent research has opened up a horizon of questions about how the brain and mind engage interaction and synthesize information. The questions of cultural variability, social embedding and translation are equally relevant here, although they have been developed in disciplines far removed from brain science. How can we best move knowledge across disciplines, so as to catalyze more incisive conceptualization and method?

    Consistent with the scope of these questions, the participants in the colloque come from multiple disciplines, including anthropology, linguistics, psychology, neuroscience, computer science, music, and sculpture. These disciplines stand for different ways of constituting facts, crafting analysis and evaluating results. Cross-cutting these divisions, the participants come from a half dozen different countries in Europe, North America, Australia and Japan. The special interest of this diversity is that the approaches developed in different research traditions themselves differ in productive ways. We need to leverage this diversity for a pluridisiplinary and international approach commensurate to the challenges we face.

    The challenge and aim of the colloque is therefor that we come together, begin to develop a language in which to collaborate, and initiate a community of debate at the intersection of translation, multi-dimensional analysis of human interaction, and the social embedding commonly called « context. »

  • Crassard-groupe-colloque-fy
  • From Colonisation to Globalisation: Species Movements in Human History

    4-7 Octobre 2013
    Liste des participants

    Organisateurs

    Pr. Michael Petraglia, University of Oxford, UK
    Dr. Nicole Boivin,University of Oxford, UK
    Dr. Rémy Crassard
    , CNRS Lyon, France

    Intervenants

    Pr. Mark ACHTMAN, University of Warwick, UK
    Pr. Patrizia D’ETTORRE
    ,Université Paris 13, France
    Dr. Timothy DENHAM, The Australian National University, Australia
    Pr. Robin DENNELL,
    University of Sheffield, UK
    Dr. Nick DRAKE, King’s College, London, UK
    Pr. Jon ERLANDSON, University of Oregon, USA
    Pr. Clive FINLAYSON, Gibraltar Museum, Gibraltar
    Dr. Dorian FULLER, University College, London, UK
    Dr. Monica GREEN, Arizona State University, USA
    Pr. Marcus HALL, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Pr. Terry HUNT, University of Oregon, USA
    Dr. Greger LARSON, University of Durham, UK
    Dr. Margaret LEWIS, The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, USA
    Dr. Bruce SMITH, Smithsonian Institution, USA
    Dr. Andrew TATEM, University of Southampton, UK
    Pr. James L.A. WEBB, Colby College, USA
    Dr. Melinda ZEDER, Smithsonian Institution, USA

    Observateurs

    Pr. Philippe DESCOLA
    Dr. Géraldine FINLAYSON

    Thème

    Human Dispersal and Species Movement
    From Prehistory to the Present

    Edited by Nicole Boivin, Rémy Crassard and Michael Petraglia

    Du 4 au 7 octobre 2013, la Fondation Fyssen a renoué avec sa longue tradition d’organisatrice de rencontres scientifiques internationales à Saint-Germain-en-Laye. Le colloque intitulé « FROM COLONISATION TO GLOBALISATION : SPECIES MOVEMENTS IN HUMAN HISTORY (De la colonisation à la globalisation : les déplacements de espèces au cours de l’histoire de l’humanité) » a pris cette fois la forme d’une table-ronde au public restreint. Organisée par Michael Petraglia (University of Oxford),Nicole Boivin (University of Oxford) et Rémy Crassard (CNRS-Archéorient), cette table-ronde (voir programme) a permis la rencontre d’une vingtaine de chercheurs des quatre coins du monde, issus de domaines de recherche très variés : archéologues, archéozoologues, archéobotanistes, généticiens, géographes, microbiologistes, infectiologues, historiens, éthologues et anthropologues ont ainsi débattus du rôle que les humains ont pu jouer dans les déplacements des espèces à travers la planète depuis le Pléistocène. Des discussions, souvent animées, et forcément très enrichissantes compte-tenu des spécialités très diverses de chacun, ont porté sur les mouvements assistés par les humains des plantes et des animaux domestiqués, des agents pathogènes et des maladies, des espèces invasives et commensales, et ont tenté de définir les implications de ces déplacements dans le cadre de la création d’écologies et de paysages anthropisés. Plusieurs publications vont découler de cette rencontre, la première du genre, à commencer par l’édition d’un ouvrage chez Cambridge University Press en 2014. Lire la suite

  • galerie_evolution_secondaire2
  • Fyssen Foundation – 30 years anniversary

    16 Mai 2009
    Liste des participants

    Welcome by Philippe DESCOLA
    Introduction by Jacques PERRIAULT and Jean-Pierre CHANGEUX
    Human Evolution
    Harvey WHITEHOUSE : Whence and whither social anthropology ?
    Chairman : Maurice GODELIER
    Luigi L. CAVALLI-SFORZA : The relative importance of cultural and biological factors in human evolution
    Chairman : Sander VAN DER LEEUW
    Robert FOLEY : Human evolutionary prehistory : towards an integrated approach
    Chairman : Jean CHAVAILLON
    Ethology
    Pierre JAISSON : Is there still something to learn from the behaviour of ants for general biologgy ?
    Marc HAUSER : Evolving a mind for reciprocity and spite
    Chairwoman : Elisabetta VISALBERGHI
    Molecular Biology
    Brigitte KIEFFER : The opioid receptor : from a concept to a visible molecule in the brain
    Jacques MALLET : Maternal serotonin is crucial for murine embryonic development
    Chairman : Henri KORN
    Neurosciences
    Wolf SINGER : The brain, a complex self-organizing system
    Tim SHALLICE : The uneven development of cognitive neuroscience
    Chairman : Michel IMBERT
    Cognitive Sciences
    David PREMACK : A new theory of human intelligence
    Stanislas DEHAENE : The neural code for numbers
    Chairman : Joseph LEDOUX
    Final discussion : Philippe DESCOLA

    Thème
  • FF-TDL-Logo
  • From objects to categories: Visual categorization in big brains, small brains and machines

    3-6 Octobre 2008
    Liste des participants

    F. Gregory ASHBY, Laboratory for Computantional Cognitive Neuroscience, UCSB, USA
    Irving BIEDERMAN and Kenneth J. HAYWORTH, University of Southern California, USA
    Heinrich H. BULTHOFF, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Germany
    Robert G. COOK, Tufts University, USA
    Michèle FABRE-THORPE, Centre de Recherche Cerveau et Cognition, CNRS – Université Paul Sabatier, France
    Isabel GAUTHIER and Alan C-N. WONG, Vanderbilt University, Department of Psychology, USA
    Martin GIURFA, Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, CNRS, Université Paul Sabatier, France
    Stephen E.G. LEA, School of Psychology, University of Exeter, UK
    Nikos K. LOGOTHETIS, max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Germany
    Pietro PERONA, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA
    Tomaso POGGIO, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
    Philippe SCHYNS, Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, UK
    David R. SHANKS, University College London, UK
    Mark K. JOHANSEN, Cardiff University, UK
    Vladimir SLOUTSKY, Department of Psychology and Center fo Cognitive Science, The Ohio State University, USA
    Keiki TANAKA, Cognitive Brain Mapping Laboratory, Riken Brain Science Institute, Japan
    Simon THORPE, Centre de Recherche Cerveau et Cognition, CNRS- Université Paul Sabatier, France
    Antonio TORRALBA, Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusette Institute of Technology, USA
    Shimon ULLMAN, Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel

    Thème
  • colloque 2003
  • From Monkey brain to Human brain

    20-23 Juin 2003
    Liste des participants

    Suliann BEN AHMED, Institut des Sciences Cognitives, France
    Céline AMIEZ, U371 INSERM, France
    Nick BARRACLOUGH, School of Psychology, University of St. Andrews, UK
    Elisabeth M. BRANNON, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, USA
    Giovanni BUCCINO, Department of Neuroscience, School of Medicine, University of Parma, Italy
    Jean-Pierre CHANGEUX, Collège de France and Pasteur Institute, France
    Stanislas DEHAENE, Service Hospitalier Frédéric Joliot, France
    Jean-René DUHAMEL, Institut des Sciences Cognitives, France
    Juan-Carlos GOMEZ, School of Psychology, University of St. Andrews, UK
    Marc D. HAUSER, Department of Psychology, Harvard University, USA
    Jean-Jacques HUBLIN, Department of Anthropology, University of Bordeaux, France
    Atsushi IRIKI, Department of Maxillofacial Biology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan
    Tjeerd JELLEMA, Department of Experimental Psychology, Helmholtz Research Institute, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Jean-Paul JOSEPH, U371 INSERM, France
    Nancy KANWISHER, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachussets Institute of Technology, USA
    Zoe KOURTZI, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany
    Erica N. LORINCZ, School of Psychology, University of St. Andrews, UK
    Nikos K. LOGOTHETIS, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany
    Giuseppe LUPPINO, School of Medicine, University of Parma, Italy
    EARL K. MILLER, The Picower Center for Learning and Memory and Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachussets Institute of Technology, USA
    Elinor McKONE, School of Psychology, Australian National University, Australia
    Andreas NIEDER, Primate NeuroCognition Laboratory, University of Tübingen, Germany
    David I. PERRET, School of Psychology, University of St. Andrews, UK
    Michael PETRIDES, Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Canada
    Emmanuel PROCYK, U371 INSERM, France
    Giacomo RIZZOLATTI, Department  of Neuroscience, School of Medicine, University of Parma, Italy
    Jeffrey R. STEVENS, Department of Psychology, Harvard University USA
    Manabu TANIFUJI, Brain Science Institute, Riken, Wako, Japan
    Kazushige TSUNODA, Brain Science Institute, Riken, Wako, Japan
    David VAN ESSEN, Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Washington University School of Medicine, USA
    Claire WARDAK, Institut des Sciences Cognitives, France
    Dengke XIAO, School of Psychology, University of St. Andrews, UK
    Yukako YAMANE, Brain Science Institute, Riken, Wako, Japan
    Karl ZILLES, Institute of Medicine, Research Center Jülich, Germany and C&O Vogt Brain Research Institute, University of Düsseldorf, Germany

    Thème

    From Monkey Brain to Human Brain
    A Fyssen Foundation Symposium
    Edited by Stanislas Dehaene, Jean-René Duhamel, Marc D. Hauser and Giacomo Rizzolatti

    Overview

    The extraordinary overlap between human and chimpanzee genomes does not result in an equal overlap between human and chimpanzee thoughts, sensations, perceptions, and emotions; there are considerable similarities but also considerable differences between human and nonhuman primate brains. From Monkey Brain to Human Brain uses the latest findings in cognitive psychology, comparative biology, and neuroscience to look at the complex patterns of convergence and divergence in primate cortical organization and function.

    Several chapters examine the use of modern technologies to study primate brains, analyzing the potentials and the limitations of neuroimaging as well as genetic and computational approaches. These methods, which can be applied identically across different species of primates, help to highlight the paradox of nonlinear primate evolution—the fact that major changes in brain size and functional complexity resulted from small changes in the genome. Other chapters identify plausible analogs or homologs in nonhuman primates for such human cognitive functions as arithmetic, reading, theory of mind, and altruism; examine the role of parietofrontal circuits in the production and comprehension of actions; analyze the contributions of the prefrontal and cingulate cortices to cognitive control; and explore to what extent visual recognition and visual attention are related in humans and other primates.

    The Fyssen Foundation is dedicated to encouraging scientific inquiry into the cognitive mechanisms that underlie animal and human behavior and has long sponsored symposia on topics of central importance to the cognitive sciences.

  • Evolution and culture
  • Evolution and Culture

    12-16 Novembre 1999
    Liste des participants

    Christopher BOEHM, Santa Fe, New Mexico
    Robert BOYD, Department of Anthropology , University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    Claude COMBES, Centre de Biologie et Ecologie Tropicale et Méditerranéenne, Université de Perpignan-CNRS Perpignan France
    Sara CORDES, Rutgers University, USA
    Daniel DENNETT, Center for Cognitive Sudies, Tufts University, USA
    R.I.M DUNBAR, Evolutionary Psychology Research Group, School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, UK
    Robert A.FOLEY, Leverhulme Center for Human Evolutionary Studies, University of Cambridge, UK
    Randy GALLISTEL, Rutgers University, USA
    Rochel GELMAN, Rutgers University, USA
    Marc D. HAUSER, Department of Psychology and Program in Neurosciences, Harvard University, USA
    Pierre JAISSON, Laboratoire d’Ethologie Expérimentale et Comparée, Université Paris CNRS, Villetaneuse, France
    Stephen C.LEVINSON, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, The Netherlands
    David PREMACK, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, USA
    Peter RICHERSON, Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California, Davis, USA
    Wolf SINGER, Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, Frankfurt/ Main, Germany
    Dan SPERBER, CNRS-EHESS, Institut Jean Nicod, Paris, France
    Michael TOMASELLO, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Germany

    Thème

    Ouvrage
    Evolution and Culture, Edited by Stephen C. LEVINSON and Pierre JAISSON

    Overview

    Biological and cultural processes have evolved together, in a symbiotic spiral; they are now indissolubly linked, with human survival unlikely without such culturally produced aids as clothing, cooked food, and tools. The twelve original essays collected in this volume take an evolutionary perspective on human culture, examining the emergence of culture in evolution and the underlying role of brain and cognition. The essay authors, all internationally prominent researchers in their fields, draw on the cognitive sciences—including linguistics, developmental psychology, and cognition—to develop conceptual and methodological tools for understanding the interaction of culture and genome. They go beyond the « how »—the questions of behavioral mechanisms—to address the « why »—the evolutionary origin of our psychological functioning. What was the « X-factor, » the magic ingredient of culture—the element that took humans out of the general run of mammals and other highly social organisms?

    Several essays identify specific behavioral and functional factors that could account for human culture, including the capacity for « mind reading » that underlies social and cultural learning and the nature of morality and inhibitions, while others emphasize multiple partially independent factors—planning, technology, learning, and language. The X-factor, these essays suggest, is a set of cognitive adaptations for culture.

  • colloque 1993
  • Casual understanding in cognition and culture

    7 - 10 Janvier 1993
    Liste des participants

    Daniel ANDLER, CREA-Ecole Polytechnique, Paris, France
    Scott ATRAN (contributor), Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan, USA
    Renée BAILLARGEON (contributor), Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
    Maurice BLOCH, Department of Anthropology, London School of Economics, UK
    Pascal BOYER (contributor), Department of Anthropology, King’s College, Cambridge, UK
    Francesca BRAY, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    Susan CAREY (contributor), Department of Psychology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
    Patricia W. CHENG (Contributor), Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    Anthony DICKINSON (contributor), Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK
    Franck DORING, Groupe de Recherche sur la Cognition, CREA-Ecole Polytechnique, Paris, France
    C.R. GALLISTEL, Department of Psychology,University of California at Los Angeles, USA
    Rochel GELMAN (contributor), Department of Psychology,University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    Vittorio GIROTTO, Italy
    Ian HACKING (contributor), Department of Philosophy, University of Toronto, Victoria College, Canada
    Denis J. HILTON (contributor), ESSEC, France
    Robert A. HINDE, The Master’s Lodge, St John’s College, UK
    Lawrence A. HIRSCHFELD (contributor), Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan, USA
    Keith HOLYOAK, Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    Michel IMBERT, Laboratoire de Neurosciences de la Vision, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, France
    Pierre JACOB (contributor), CREA-Ecole Polytechnique, France
    Pierre JAISON, Laboratoire d’Ethologie Expérimentale, Université Paris-Nord, France
    Franck C.KEIL (contributor), Department of Psychology, Cornell University, USA
    Marc KIRSCH, Sciences Cognitives, Université Paris XI, France
    Max KISTLER, CREA-Ecole Polytechnique, France
    Hans KUMMER (contributor), Ethologie und Wildforschung, Universität Zurich, Switzerland
    Bruno LATOUR, Centre de Sociologie de l’Innovation,  Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines, France
    Alan M. LESLIE (contributor), Center for Cognitive Science, Rutgers University, USA
    Gilbert LEWIS (contributor), Department of Anthropology, University of Cambridge, UK
    Geoffrey Lloyd (contributor), Darwin College, UK
    Jacques MEHLER, EHESS, Laboratoire des Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistiques, France
    Michael W. MORRIS (contributor), Department of Organizational Behavior, Stanford University, USA
    Richard NISBETT (contributor), Institute of Social Research, University of Michigan, USA
    Ira NOVECK, Département de Psychologie, Université de Paris VIII, France
    Philip PETTIT (contributor), Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, Australia
    Guy POLITZER, Département de Psychologie, Université de Paris VIII, France
    Ann James PREMACK (co-editor and contributor), Laboratoire de Psychologie de l’Enfant, CNRS, France
    David PREMACK (co-editor and contributor), Laboratoire de Psychologie de l’Enfant, CNRS, France
    Elizabeth S. SPELKE (contributor), Department of Psychology, Cornell University, USA
    Dan SPERBER (co-editor and contributor), CREA-Ecole Polytechnique, France
    Leonard TALMY, Department of Linguistics, University of New York, Buffalo, USA
    Michael WALDMANN, Psychologisches Institut, Universität Tübingen, Germany
    Amanda L. WOODWARD (contributor), Department of Psychology, Cornell University, USA

    Thème

    Ouvrage :
    Causal Cognition: A Multidisciplinary Debate
    Dan Sperber, David Premack, and Ann James Premack

    Abstract :
    An understanding of cause-effect relationships is fundamental to the study of cognition. In this book,… specialists from comparative psychology, social psychology, developmental psychology, anthropology, and philosophy present the newest developments in the study of causal cognition and discuss their different perspectives. They reflect on the role and forms of causal knowledge, both in animal and human cognition, on the development of human causal cognition from infancy, and on the relationship between individual and cultural aspects of causal understanding.

  • colloque 1990
  • The Origins of the Human Brain: Paleontology, Molecular Biology and Developmental Genetics

    14-17 Decembre 1990
    Liste des participants

    Robert BOYD, University of California, USA
    Rebecca L. CANN, University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA
    Jean-Pierre CHANGEUX (co-editor), Laboratoire de Neurobiologie Moléculaire, Institut Pasteur, France
    Jean CHAVAILLON (co-editor), Laboratoire de Recherche sur l’Afrique Orientale, UPR 311-CNRS, France
    Yves COPPENS, Collège de France, Laboratoire d’Anthropologie Biologique, Musée de l’Homme, France
    Henri DELPORTE, Le Perron, France
    Robert A. HINDE, St John’s College, Cambridge, UK
    Ralph L. HOLLOWAY, Columbia University, NY, USA
    Bernardo A. HUBERMAN, Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, USA
    Claudia KAPPEN, Mayo Clinic Scottsdale, USA
    Janusz K. KOLOWSKI, Jagiellonski Uniwersytet, Poland
    Jean-LOUIS MANDEL, Institut de Chimie Biologique, Faculté de Médecine, France
    Steven PINKER, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA
    David PREMACK, Laboratoire de Psycho-Biologie du Développement – CNRS- EPHE, France
    Pasko RAKIC, Yale University School of Medicine , USA
    André ROCH LECOURS, Université de Montréal, Canada
    Peter J. RICHERSON, University of California, USA
    Franck H. RUDDLE, Yale University, USA
    Roger SABAN, Paris, France
    Phillip V. TOBIAS, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
    Bernard VANDERMEERSCH, Université de Bordeaux, France
    Lawrence WEISKRANTZ, University of Oxford, UK

    Thème

    Ouvrage :
    Origins of the Human Brain
    Edited by Jean-Pierre Changeux and Jean Chavaillon

    Throughout history, humans have been fascinated by their origins. The evolutionary development of the human brain is of particular interest as our intellectual, emotional, and cultural capacities are considered to be unique among animals. This book brings together a group of eminent scientists from the fields of anthropology, psychology, neuroscience, and evolutionary biology. Their views have been captured to provide a starting point for a debate based on the most recent scientific data relating to the evolutionary origins of the human brain.

  • colloque 1988
  • The Use of Tools by Human and Non-Human Primates

    29 novembre 1988
    Liste des participants

    James ANDERSON, Université Louis Pasteur, France
    Kim BARD (contributor), Yerkes National Primate Research Center of Emory University, USA
    Arlette Berthelet (co-editor), Laboratoire de Recherche sur l’Afrique Orientale, UPR 311-CNRS France
    Sylvie BEYRIES (contributor), Centre de Recherches Archéologiques, ERA 28-CNRS, France
    Pierre BODU, Laboratoire d’Ethnologie Prhéistorique, UA 275-CNRS, France
    Christophe BOESCH (contributor), Universität Zurich-Irchel, Switzerland
    Bernadette BRESARD (contributor), Laboratoire d’Ethologie, MNHN, France
    Jean-Pierre CHANGEUX, Laboratoire de Neurobiologie Moléculaire, Institut Pasteur, France
    Jean CHAVAILLON (chairman and co-editor)Laboratoire de Recherche sur l’Afrique Orientale, UPR 311-CNRS, France
    Maurice GODELIER, EHESS, France
    Jack HARRIS (contributor), Rutgers university, USA
    Robert A. HINDE, Cambridge University, UK
    Michel IMBERT, Laboratoire des neurosciences de la Vision, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, France
    Tim INGOLD (contributor), University of Manchester, UK
    Marc JEANNEROD, Laboratoire de Neuropsychologie Expérimentale, France
    Françoise JOUFFROY (contributor), MNHN, France
    Frédéric JOULIAN, France
    Michelle JULIEN, Préhistoire des Andes, UPR 313-CNRS, France
    Claudine KARLIN (contributor), Laboratoire d’Ethnologie Préhistorique, UA275-CNRS, France
    Jean KITAHARA-FRISCH (contributor), Sophia University, Japan
    J.D. LAJOUX, CNRS, France
    Bruno LATOUR, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines, France
    Roger LEMON (contributor), University of Cambridge, UK
    Pierre LEMONNIER, CNRS, France
    William McGREW (contributor), University of Stirling, UK
    Jacques PAILLARD (contributor), CNRS, France
    Jacques PELEGRIN (contributor), CRA-CNRS, France
    Catherine PERLES (contributor), CRA-CNRS, France
    Jacques PERRIAULT (contributor), Ministère de l’Education Nationale, France
    Pierre PETREQUIN (contributor), CNRS, France
    Nicole PIGEOT, CNRS, France
    Marcello PIPERNO (contributor), Museo Nazionale Preistorico Etnografico Luigi Pigorini, Italy
    Sylvie PLOUX, CRA-CNRS, France
    Pierre RABISCHONG (contributor), INSERM, France
    Jean SAUBE, France
    Pascal SELLIER, CNRS, Université de Bordeaux, France
    François SIGAUT (contributor), EHESS, France
    Yukimaru SUGIYAMA (contributor), Kyoto University, Japan
    Boris VALENTIN, CNRS, France
    Jacques VAUCLAIR, CNRS, France
    Isabelle VILLEMEUR, CNRS, Université de BORDEAUX, France
    Elisabetta VISALBERGHI (contributor), Istituto di Psicologia-CNR, Italie

    Thème

    Ouvrage :
    The Use of Tools by Human and Non-human Primates
    A. Berthelet and J. Chavaillon

    Abstract

    This volume brings together contributions on the theme of tools from international specialists in various disciplines — anatomists, neurobiologists, prehistorians, ethnologists, and primatologists — at a symposium arranged by the Fyssen Foundation. Tools, whether of stone, wood, or metal, are a prolongation of the arm, but they acquire precision through the hand directed by the brain. A movement may have been identical from one another, in apes and in humans, in the past and in the present, but the resulting action varies according to the extended use of the tool. It is therefore necessary to understand the origin of tools, and also to be able to describe the techniques of cutting tools, and to imagine the possible uses of certain tools. Comparison of the techniques of chimpanzees with those of prehistoric Man and of twentieth-century Man has made it possible to appreciate the common aspects and to identify the differences. The transmission of ability, and of the understanding also called apprenticeship, has been studied in the various relevant societies: chimpanzees in their natural habitat and in captivity, hunter-gatherers, and workmen in prehistoric and in modern times.

    Keywords: anatomists, neurobiologists, prehistorians, ethnologists, primatologists, tool techniques, chimpanzees, ability transmission, prehistoric workmen, modern workmen

  • colloque1985
  • Social Relationships and Cognitive Development

    16-20 Novembre 1984
    Liste des participants

    Jean-Louis ADRIEN, Service Pédopsychiatrie, C.H.R de Tours, France
    Grazia ATTILI, Istituto di Psicologia del CNR, Italie
    Monique BALLION, Institut National de Recherche Pédagogique, France
    Bernadette BRESARD, Groupe de Recherche sur les Anthropoïdes, MNHN, France
    Alain BROSSARD, Séminaire de Psychologie, Université de Neufchâtel, Switzerland
    Peter E. BRYANT, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, UK
    Michael J.CHANDLER, Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Canada
    Jean-Pierre CHANGEUX, Unité de Neurobiologie Moléculaire Institut Pasteur, France
    Jean CHAVAILLON, Maître de Recherches, CNRS-5e circonscription, France
    Dorothy CHENEY, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    Verena DASSER, Zoologisches Institut, Universität Zurich-Irchel, Switzerland
    Willem DOISE, Faculté de Psychologie et des Sciences de l’Education, Université de Genève, Switzerland
    M. A.H. FYSSEN, Fondation Fyssen
    Willard W. HARTUP, Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, USA
    Robert A. HINDE, MRC Unit on the Development and Integration of Behaviour, Cambridge University, UK
    Antonio LANNACONA, Istituto di Psicologia dell’Università di Salerno, Facoltà di Lettere, Italy
    Nada IGNJATOVIC-SAVIC, Filozofski Fakulted, Cika Ljubina, Yugoslavia
    Lothar KRAPPMANN, Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung, RFA
    Helgard KREMIN, Laboratoire de Pathologie du Langage, Inserm U111, France
    Hans KUMMER, Ethologie und Wildforschung, Universität Zurich-Irchel, Switzerland
    Marie-Christine LACOUR, Etudiante en 3e cycle en Psycholinguistique à Paris VII option Ethologie, France
    Bruno LATOUR, Maître de Recherches, ENS des Mines, Centre de Sociologie de l’Innovation, France
    Alain LEGENDRE, Laboratoire de Psychobiologie de l’Enfant, France
    Marie-Thérèse LENORMAND, Inserm U3, Pr. Scherrer, Hôpital de la Salpétrière, France
    Anne-Nelly PERRET CLERMONT, Séminaire de Psychologie, Université de Neuchâtel, Switzerland
    Jacques PERRIAULT, Directeur de Département, Institut National de Recherche Pédagogique, France
    Marian RADKE-YARROW, Chief, Laboratory of Developmental Psychology, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, USA
    Michel RUTTER, Department of Child and Adolescent, Psychiatry, Intitute of Psychiatry, UK
    Robert L. SELMAN, Department of Psychiatry, Judge Baker Guidance Center, USA
    Robert Seyfarth, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    Tracy SHERMAN, Laboratory of Developmental Psychology, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, Maryland, USA
    Myrna B. SHURE, Hahnemann University, Preventive Intervention Research Center, USA
    Mira STAMBAK, Institut National de Recherche Pédagogique, France
    Joan STEVENSON-HINDE, MRC unit on the Development and Integration of Behaviour, Cambridge University, UK
    Serge STOLERU, Institut Universitaire des Sciences Psychosociales et Neurobiologiques, France
    Barbara TIZARD, Thomas Coram Research Unit, UK
    Jacques VAUCLAIR, Département de Pscyhologie Animale, CNRS-INP9, France
    Lawrence WEISKRANTZ, Department of Experimental Psychology, university of Oxford, UK
    James V.WERTSCH, Department of Linguistics, Northwestern University, College of Arts and Sciences, USA

    Thème

    Most children grow up in a nuclear or extended family, interacting first with one or two parents, and then with siblings, with relations, and with friends, networks which constitute the most important part of the child’s environment. This volume considers the interplay between an individual’s social interactions and his cognitive development, tracing the effects on this interplay on children of a variety of ages, and discussing the role of conflict, the neo-Piagetian and Vygotskyan approaches, and therapies to increase social competence. The book demonstrates that cognitive development is closely related to other aspects of the individual, including emotions.