Animal and meat exploitation strategies during the Late Iron Age: the Suessiones and Atrebates cases examined through a Social Zooarchaeological approach.
Pierre-Emmanuel PARIS, Former Fyssen 2015-2016
Keywords: Late Iron Age; faunal study; social Zooarchaeology; cross-Channel approach
The Late Iron Age (the final two centuries BC) was a period of change in the entire Celtic World. Celtic communities experienced profound economic, political and ideological upheavals and, during this time of great social transformation, the role of animal production within the first Celtic cities of northern France and southern Britain (the so-called “oppida” by Caesar) underwent major transformations. Taking a multi-scalar archaeozoological approach, this paper will explore how the changing management of meat resources reflected the social developments that occurred with the emergence of the first cities of in the Suessiones and the Atrebates territories. In doing so I will demonstrate how faunal studies can be used to better understand complex Celtic communities and emphasize wider social issues such as the specialisation and standardisation of animal products distribution, the progressive stratification of societies and the complex evolution of human/animal relationship.